Initial requirements for foreign languages In order to make intelligent contact with other cultures and ensure successful intercultural communication, language skills are an essential requirement. At the University of St.Gallen, the curriculum is taught in German and English. The university not only offers the opportunity to study in two languages, but foreign languages are deeply embedded within its program structure. Proof of proficiency and requirements Graduates of the University of St.Gallen are required to demonstrate their proficiency in two foreign languages, with the requirement of proof being completely independent of their choice of language of study. One language certificate must be completed during the Assessment Year and a second until the completion of Bachelor studies. A range of courses and examinations is offered in ten foreign languages. For each language, two or three target levels have been defined. Students decide for themselves which level in which foreign language they will seek certification for (that is, which language skills they want to have documentation for it in the labor market). The languages taught at HSG assume an entry level equivalent to the level of the Swiss maturity certificate or an equivalent foreign school-leaving certificate. In terms of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR), this means: Target Level and Course Prerequisites for Language Courses Language Target Level of the Language Course Course Prerequisites (Unless otherwise stated, the learning level preceding the target level is assumed. A1 courses start from zero. Ex: English C1 course requires B2 level proficiency.) German C1 C2 English C1 C2 French B2 C1 C2 Italian B1 B2 C1 no previous knowledge is required for the Italian B1 course Spanish B1 B2 C1 no previous knowledge is required for the Spanish B1 course Portuguese A2 B1 B2 no previous knowledge is required for the Portuguese B1 course Chinese A1 A2 B1 Japanese A1 A2 B1 Russian A1 A2 B1 Arabic A1 A2 B1 For the target levels A1 and A2, a range of language courses is offered with English as the language of explanation. Special offer for language certificates in the languages of study, German and English For students who may desire more intensive training in the languages of study, English or German, an extended course with double the number of hours per week is available for certification at the target level C1. External qualifications As part of the Assessment Year, proof of knowledge of a foreign language at a lower level is required (in languages with three target levels: one of the two lower levels). For this requirement, no external language diplomas will be recognized; students in the Assessment Year are required to complete an oral and written language examination at the University of St.Gallen. However, in the Bachelor studies that follow, external language certificates can be presented as proof, allowing for recognition of languages other than those taught at the University of St.Gallen.